Food India Uttharakhand Bihar 2013

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Food India Uttharakhand Bihar 2013

Post  Holles Wood on Sun Jun 23, 2013 7:21 am

2013 North India floods

NASA satellite imagery of Northern India on 17 June, showing rainclouds that led to the devastation

Fatalities:At least 1000 confirmed dead (as of 22 June 2013),[1] Many more missing.
Damages:365 houses destroyed, 275 houses partially damaged (in Uttarakhand)[2]
Areas affected:Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Far Western Region, Mid Western Region

Shimla
Dehradun
Map of India showing Dehradun and Shimla, capitals of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh states respectively.
In June 2013, the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand (Kumaon, Garhwal and their adjoining Terai or Bhabhar piedmonts), the adjoining Western Nepal regions of Doti, Humla, etc. besides parts of Haryana, Delhi and Uttar Pradesh, experienced heavy rainfall that triggered devastating floods and landslides. As of 22 June 2013 (2013-06-22)[update], official figures state that more than 1000 people have died with lakhs are missing.[1] Damage to bridges and roads left almost 73,000 pilgrims and tourists trapped in various places.[3][4][5]
As of 22 June 2013 (2013-06-22)[update], the death toll in Uttarakhand was reported to be 1000, with thousands missing and more than 60,000 tourists and pilgrims stranded.[1][6][7][8][9] As of 21 June 2013 (2013-06-21)[update] the death toll in Himachal Pradesh was 20.[10]
Contents
 [hide

Origin[edit]
The upper Himalayan territories of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand are full of forests, ranges of hills and snow-covered mountains and so relatively difficult to access yet are home to several major and historic Hindu pilgrimage sites and at least one major, historic Sikh pilgrimage site (Hemkund Sahib) besides several tourist spots and trekking venues. On June 17, 2013 Uttarakhand received more than 340 millimetres (13 in) of rainfall, which is 375 percent more than the benchmark of 65.9 mm rainfall during a normal monsoon.[11] This caused heavy floods in Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Western Nepal, and acute rainfall in other nearby reagions of Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and some parts of Tibet.[12] In the city of Dehra Dun, capital of Uttarakhand, this was the wettest June day for over five decades.[13] Heavy rainfall for four consecutive days as well as melting snow aggravated the floods.[14] Weather warnings by the India Meteorological Department predicting heavy rains were not given wide publicity beforehand by government agencies. This caused thousands of people to be caught unaware, resulting in huge loss of life and property.[15]
Death and damage[edit]
Landslides, caused due to the floods, damaged several houses and structures, killing those who were trapped.[14] The heavy rains impacted a landscape damaged by extensive deforestations and massive unregulated construction activity resulting in large flashfloods and massive landslides.[12] Entire villages and settlements such as Gaurikund and the market town of Ram Bada, a transition point to Kedarnath, have been obliterated, while the market town of Sonprayag (Guptprayag) suffered heavy damage and loss of lives.[5][16] Pilgrimage centres in the region, including Gangotri, Yamunotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath, the hallowed Hindu Chardham (four sites) pilgrimage centers, are visited by thousands of devotees, especially after the month of May onwards. About 73,000 people were stuck in various regions because of damaged or blocked roads.[14] People in other important locations like the Valley of flowers, Roopkund and the Sikh pilgrimage centre Hemkund were stranded for more than three days.[14] An important road for the region, NH58 was also washed down near Jyotirmath in in many other places.[16] Because June is a busy tourist season, the number of people impacted is substantial.[17] For more than three days, stranded pilgrims and tourists were without rations or survived on little food.[18] The roads were seriously damaged at more than 450 places, resulting in huge traffic jams, and the floods caused many cars and other vehicles to be washed away.[14] On June 18, more than 12,000 pilgrims were stuck at Badrinath, the popular pilgrimage center located on the banks of the Alaknanda River.[19][20][21]
As of 22 June 2013 (2013-06-22)[update], the death toll in Uttarakhand has crossed 1000. Rescuers at the Hindu pilgrimage town of Haridwar on the river Ganga have been reported to have recovered bodies of 40 victims washed down by the flooded rivers as of June 21 2013.[22]
Damages in Kedarnath[edit]


Situated in the Himalayan ranges, the town that grew around the Kedarnath Temple one of the famous temples of Shiva in India and part of the Char Dham yatra, was damaged by the floods and landslides caused by bursting of cloud.
Though the Kedarnath Temple itself remained intact, it's base was inundated by the floods and mud, earth and boulders from the landslide causing damage to its perimeters.[20] Several resthouses and hotels around the temple were impacted, resulting in heavy casualty. The major destruction at Kedarnath was caused by the sudden rapid melting of ice and snow on Kedarnath Mounts, 6 km (3.7 mi) from the temple, which flooded the Charbari lake and then Kedarnath below. Panic within the temple caused a stampede resulting in the deaths of 1000 and more people (22-06-2013 08:00pm).[23] More than 500 people are missing from Kedarnath.[20] The Uttarakhand Government has announced that, due to the extensive damage to infrastructure, the Kedarnath temple will be temporarily closed to regular pilgrims and tourists for a year; temple rituals will be maintained by priests.[24] | Twice, in 1882 & in 2013, attempts to shift the Dhari_Devi_(Uttarakhand) shrine were immediately followed by havoc in Kedar Valley. On June 15th, 2013; the idol was removed to be shifted to another location to facilitate the construction of the same dam, which locals were oppossing since beginning. This was followed by a massive cloudburst and flash floods the next day. [25]
National Capital Region[edit]
Delhi, Gurgaon and surrounding areas received a high amount of rainfall on 16 June 2013, leading to flooding of the low lying areas of the cities.[26] The Yamuna River swelled to a new high of 207.75 meters submerging the low lying flood plains along the banks.[27][28]
Rescue operations[edit]
The Army, ITBP, BSF, NDRF, PWD and local administrations worked together for quick rescue operations.[12] Several thousand soldiers were deployed for the rescue missions.[29] Activists of political and social organizations are also involved in the rescue and management of relief centres.[30] The national highway and other important roads were closed to regular traffic.[14] Helicopters were used to rescue people, but due to the hilly terrain, heavy fog and rainfall, maneuvering them was a challenge.[13] By 21 June 2013, the army had deployed 10,000 soldiers and 11 helicopters,[24][31] the navy had sent 45 naval divers, and the air force had deployed 43 aircraft including 36 helicopters.[32]
Mahakali floods[edit]
About 6000 citizens of Nepal were visiting the Indian region, of which 1,000 were rescued as of June 22, 2013[33]. Locals in the Darchula District on the Dhauliganga River in Nepal have also claimed that the rapid release of water from the Dhauliganga Dam, located on the Indian side, had caused extensive damage, with reports of 128 houses and 13 government offices swept away and over 1000 people homeless.[34] This had caused an international diplomatic crisis and the Indian embassy responding immediately denying all responsibility.[35]
Aftermath[edit]
Dr. Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India undertook an aerial survey of the affected areas and announced 1,000 crore (US$170 million) aid package for disaster relief efforts in the state.[19] Several state governments announced financial assistance, with Uttar Pradesh Government pledging 25 crore (US$4.3 million),[36] the governments of Haryana,[37] Maharashtra[38] and Delhi 10 crore (US$1.7 million) each, the governments of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh crore (US$860,000) each while the Gujarat government had announced crore (US$340,000).[39]
The Government of India also cancelled 9 batches, or half, the annual Kailash-Mansarovar Yatra, a pilgrimage for the Hindus [40] The popular Chardham Yatra pilgrimage, covering Gangotri, Yamunotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath was cancelled for approximately 2 years to repair damaged roads and infrastructure, according to the Uttarakhand Government.[15]

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Re: Food India Uttharakhand Bihar 2013

Post  Admin on Mon Jun 24, 2013 5:39 am

Himalayan Peaks of Uttarakhand
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Uttarakhand is a Himalayan state of India. This hilly state contains, in its northern section, some of the highest mountain peaks in the world. Many of them are unclimbed; many are unnamed. A large number of peaks in Uttarakhand are still not open for climbing due to security reasons, as this region borders Tibet. Following is a list of selected named peaks of Uttarakhand with elevation over 6,000 m (19,700 ft).
Himalayan Peaks of Uttarakhand[th]Name[/th][th]Location[/th][th]District[/th][th]Coordinates[/th][th]Altitude (metres)[/th][th]Region[/th]
Abi GaminGarhwalChamoli30°55′48″N 79°36′00″E / 30.93000°N 79.60000°E / 30.93000; 79.600007355Kamet
Arwa CrestGarhwalChamoli30°52′12″N 79°15′36″E / 30.87000°N 79.26000°E / 30.87000; 79.260006250Gangotri
Arwa SpireGarhwalChamoli30°48′36″N 79°21′36″E / 30.81000°N 79.36000°E / 30.81000; 79.360006193Gangotri
Arwa TowerGarhwalChamoli30°52′12″N 79°16′48″E / 30.87000°N 79.28000°E / 30.87000; 79.280006352Gangotri
Avalanche Peak IGarhwalChamoli30°54′36″N 79°16′48″E / 30.91000°N 79.28000°E / 30.91000; 79.280006443Gangotri
Avalanche PeakIIGarhwalChamoli30°50′24″N 79°24′00″E / 30.84000°N 79.40000°E / 30.84000; 79.400006196Gangotri
BalakunGarhwalChamoli30°45′36″N 79°20′24″E / 30.76000°N 79.34000°E / 30.76000; 79.340006471Gangotri
Bamba DhuraKumaunPithoragarh30°26′24″N 80°16′48″E / 30.44000°N 80.28000°E / 30.44000; 80.280006334Panchchuli
Bandarpunch IGarhwalUttarkashi31°06′24″N 78°33′00″E / 31.10667°N 78.55000°E / 31.10667; 78.550006316Bandarpunch
Bandarpunch II (White Peak)GarhwalUttarkashi31°06′24″N 78°33′00″E / 31.10667°N 78.55000°E / 31.10667; 78.550006102Bandarpunch
BhrigupanthGarhwalUttarkashi30°52′50″N 79°00′10″E / 30.88056°N 79.00278°E / 30.88056; 79.002786772Gangotri
Burphu DhuraKumaunPithoragarh30°26′24″N 80°16′48″E / 30.44000°N 80.28000°E / 30.44000; 80.280006334Panchchuli
ChaudharaKumaunPithoragarh30°16′48″N 80°22′12″E / 30.28000°N 80.37000°E / 30.28000; 80.370006510Panchchuli
Chaukhamba IGarhwalUttarkashi?30°44′59″N 79°17′28″E / 30.74972°N 79.29111°E / 30.74972; 79.291117138Gangotri
Chaukhamba IIGarhwalUttarkashi?7058Gangotri
Chaukhamba IIIGarhwalUttarkashi?6974Gangotri
Chaukhamba IVGarhwalUttarkashi?6854Gangotri
Chiring WeKumaunPithoragarh30°25′12″N 80°18′00″E / 30.42000°N 80.30000°E / 30.42000; 80.300006559Panchchuli
DevtoliGarhwalChamoli6788Nanda devi
Haathi ParvatGarhwalChamoli6727Kamet
HardeolKumaonPithoragarh7151Nanda devi
Kalanag(Black Peak)GarhwalUttarkashi31°01′12″N 78°34′12″E / 31.02000°N 78.57000°E / 31.02000; 78.570006387Bandarpunch
KametGarhwalChamoli31°55′12″N 79°35′24″E / 31.92000°N 79.59000°E / 31.92000; 79.590007756Kamet
Kedarnath (Main)GarhwalUttarkashi?30°47′42″N 79°04′10″E / 30.79500°N 79.06944°E / 30.79500; 79.069446940Gangotri
Kedarnath DomeGarhwalUttarkashi?30°48′31″N 79°04′44″E / 30.80861°N 79.07889°E / 30.80861; 79.078896831Gangotri
Mana PeakGarhwalChamoli30°52′50″N 79°36′55″E / 30.88056°N 79.61528°E / 30.88056; 79.615287272Kamet
MaiktoliGarhwalChamoli30°16′24″N 79°52′18″E / 30.27333°N 79.87167°E / 30.27333; 79.871676803Nanda devi
Meru PeakGarhwalUttarkashi30°52′5″N 79°1′56″E / 30.86806°N 79.03222°E / 30.86806; 79.032226803Gangotri
MrigthuniGarhwalChamoli30°17′24″N 79°49′47″E / 30.29000°N 79.82972°E / 30.29000; 79.829726855Nanda devi
Mukut ParbatGarhwalChamoli30°56′57″N 79°34′12″E / 30.94917°N 79.57000°E / 30.94917; 79.570007242Kamet
NagalaphuKumaunPithoragarh30°14′24″N 80°25′48″E / 30.24000°N 80.43000°E / 30.24000; 80.430006410Panchchuli
Nanda DeviGarhwalChamoli30°22′12″N 79°58′12″E / 30.37000°N 79.97000°E / 30.37000; 79.970007816Nanda devi
Nanda Devi EastGarhwalChamoli30°22′00″N 79°59′40″E / 30.36667°N 79.99444°E / 30.36667; 79.994447434Nanda devi
Nanda GondKumaunPithoragarh30°33′00″N 80°07′48″E / 30.55000°N 80.13000°E / 30.55000; 80.130006315Nanda devi
Nanda KhatGarhwalChamoli6611Nanda devi
Nanda KotKumaunPithoragarh30°16′48″N 80°04′12″E / 30.28000°N 80.07000°E / 30.28000; 80.070006861Nanda devi
Nanda PalKumaunPithoragarh30°31′12″N 80°08′24″E / 30.52000°N 80.14000°E / 30.52000; 80.140006306Nanda devi
NilakhantGarhwalChamoli30°43′48″N 79°24′20″E / 30.73000°N 79.40556°E / 30.73000; 79.405566596Gangotri
Om ParvatKumaunPithoragarh30°22′12″N 80°34′12″E / 30.37000°N 80.57000°E / 30.37000; 80.570006191Panchchuli
Panchchuli IKumaunPithoragarh30°13′12″N 80°25′12″E / 30.22000°N 80.42000°E / 30.22000; 80.420006354Panchchuli
Panchchuli IIKumaunPithoragarh30°13′12″N 80°25′12″E / 30.22000°N 80.42000°E / 30.22000; 80.420006903Panchchuli
Panchchuli IIIKumaunPithoragarh30°12′00″N 80°26′24″E / 30.20000°N 80.44000°E / 30.20000; 80.440006312Panchchuli
Panchchuli IVKumaunPithoragarh30°11′24″N 80°27′00″E / 30.19000°N 80.45000°E / 30.19000; 80.450006334Panchchuli
Panchchuli VKumaunPithoragarh30°10′48″N 80°28′12″E / 30.18000°N 80.47000°E / 30.18000; 80.470006437Panchchuli
Panwali DwarGarhwalChamoli30°17′22″N 79°57′21″E / 30.28944°N 79.95583°E / 30.28944; 79.955836663Nanda devi
RajrambhaKumaunPithoragarh30°15′00″N 80°22′12″E / 30.25000°N 80.37000°E / 30.25000; 80.370006539Panchchuli
Rishi PaharGarhwalChamoli30°31′48″N 79°59′24″E / 30.53000°N 79.99000°E / 30.53000; 79.990006997Nanda devi
SangthangKumaunPithoragarh30°21′00″N 80°47′24″E / 30.35000°N 80.79000°E / 30.35000; 80.790006480Panchchuli
SatopanthGarhwalUttarkashi7075Gangotri
ShivlingGarhwalUttarkashi?30°52′37″N 79°03′56″E / 30.87694°N 79.06556°E / 30.87694; 79.065566543Gangotri
Suitilla or Suj Tilla EastKumaunPithoragarh30°19′48″N 80°22′48″E / 30.33000°N 80.38000°E / 30.33000; 80.380006373Panchchuli
Suj Tilla WestGarhwalPithoragarh30°19′48″N 80°22′48″E / 30.33000°N 80.38000°E / 30.33000; 80.380006333Panchchuli
SwargarohiniGarhwalUttarkashi31°05′04″N 78°30′58″E / 31.08444°N 78.51611°E / 31.08444; 78.516116252Bandarpunch
Thalay SagarGarhwalUttarkashi?30°51′29″N 78°59′50″E / 30.85806°N 78.99722°E / 30.85806; 78.997226904Gangotri
TirsuliKumaunPithoragarh30°34′48″N 80°01′12″E / 30.58000°N 80.02000°E / 30.58000; 80.020007074Nanda devi
Tirsuli WestGarhwalChamoli30°34′12″N 80°00′00″E / 30.57000°N 80.00000°E / 30.57000; 80.000007035Nanda devi
Trisul IKumaun-GarhwalChamoli-Bageshwar30°18′36″N 79°46′12″E / 30.31000°N 79.77000°E / 30.31000; 79.770007120Nanda devi
Trisul IIKumaun-GarhwalChamoli-Bageshwar30°17′24″N 79°46′12″E / 30.29000°N 79.77000°E / 30.29000; 79.770006690Nanda devi
Trisul IIIKumaun-GarhwalChamoli-Bageshwar30°15′00″N 79°46′12″E / 30.25000°N 79.77000°E / 30.25000; 79.770006008Nanda devi
Uja TircheGarhwal-KumaunChamoli-Pithoragarh30°39′00″N 80°00′36″E / 30.65000°N 80.01000°E / 30.65000; 80.010006204Nanda devi

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Re: Food India Uttharakhand Bihar 2013

Post  Admin on Mon Jun 24, 2013 5:44 am

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