Madagascar faces plague

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Madagascar faces plague Empty Madagascar faces plague

Post  Raymond_Smith on Thu Dec 12, 2013 4:03 pm


Since April 2012, Madagascar has been facing a plague of the Malagasy Migratory Locust, that threatens the livelihoods of 13 million people in the country, 9 million of whom earn a living from agriculture.

Almost two­‐thirds of the country are currently infested. Findings from a damage assessment conducted in May 2013 indicate that rice crop losses due to locusts in 2012/13 vary from 10 to as much as 40 percent in 17 of Madagascar’s 22 regions.

The Ministry of Agriculture of Madagascar declared a national disaster on 27 November 2012 and requested assistance from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to address the current locust plague.

It is estimated that at least three successive locust control campaigns costing USD 43.9 million* are required to return to a recession period by treating over 2 million hectares between September 2013 and September 2016. One or two campaigns alone, will not be enough to reach this objective.

The three-­‐year programme jointly prepared by FAO and the Ministry of Agriculture in response to the plague focuses on:

o Improving the monitoring and analysis of the locust situation

o Large-­‐scale aerial control operations

o Monitoring and mitigating the impact of locust control operations on human health and the environment

o Assessing the effectiveness of each locust campaign and the impact of locusts on crops and pastures

The current funding gap is USD 17.7 million required for the 2014/15 and 2015/16 campaigns. Should all the funds not be available on time to undertake the campaigns, the plague could severely affect a family’s ability to provide for itself.


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